Westminster Hebrew Morphology (WHM) 4.22 / Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC) 4.22 Released (9 Nov 2020)
The Groves Center is pleased to announce the official release of the Westminster Hebrew Morphology (“WHM,” previously known as “Morph”) version 4.22, and also of the underlying text, the Westminster Leningrad Codex (“WLC”) 4.22. This release applies to licensed commercial users and scholars.
To better identify our product with its full name, we have changed the name of the Westminster Hebrew Morphology (WHM) text file from “morph4XX.wts” to “whm4XX.txt”.
This release was four and a half years in development and is the first release that was developed in collaboration with our new Senior Research Fellow, Stephen M. Coleman, Ph.D. Because of the length of time it was in development, it has a large number of changes, especially to parsings.
We plan to return to annual releases beginning in 2021. That next release of the Westminster Hebrew Morphology will include Strong’s number and will be available in both a Unicode(R) Hebrew version as well as our traditional transliterated format.
We also plan to offer in 2021 two base texts. We will continue to offer as we have for many years the Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC), which includes all of the typographical errors in the Leningrad Codex, but we will also offer a new “emended” or “eclectic” text that represents our understanding of the readings of the broader Masoretic tradition.
This web site Copyright © 2020 The J. Alan Groves Center for Advanced Biblical Research (“The Groves Center” for short) The copyright message at the bottom of the page is hard to read, so it has been copied here in larger print. Our new web site will solve this problem more gracefully.)
Two Pioneers of Computer-based Study of the Hebrew Bible Died in May 2020
On 8 May 2020, Prof. Christof Felix Hardmeier died at age 77. He was a long-time friend and collaborator with the Groves Center’s late founder J. Alan Groves and also with Prof. Eep Talstra from the Free University of Amsterdam. Prof. Talstra has written an In Memoriam about Prof. Hardmeier. That article begins with a photograph of Profs. Groves, Hardmeier, and Talstra from 1993. The three collaborated for two decades on something they called “Electronic Concordance Applications”, the acronym of which (“E.C.A.”) had a second meaning as the combination of their first names (“Eep”, “Christof”, and “Alan”). The In Memoriam also mentions and includes a picture of long-time Groves Center friend and collaborator Ulrik Sandborg-Petersen.
On 13 May 2020, Prof. Francis Ian Andersen died at the age of 94. Andersen spent 35 years studying the morphology and syntax of the Hebrew Bible as well as his earlier study of other subjects such as Russian and Chemistry. His many-year collaboration with A. Dean Forbes led to a database of the morphology and syntax of the Hebrew Bible that is has been available from Logos Bible Software.
GC Presentation at SBL in November 2019
At the annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) in San Diego, California, in November 2019, Messrs. Price and Salisbury gave a presentation on “Freeing the Westminster Hebrew Morphology and the Westminster Hebrew Syntax.” That presentation can be downloaded HERE. (Click on “HERE” and again on “Freeing_WHM_and_WHS_2020-04” on that next page).
The Groves Center Web Site Is (Still) Under Construction
The Groves Center web site continues to be under construction. Within a few weeks we hope to have a new web site that will be up-to-date, easier to navigate, and more frequently updated. We apologize that both the DONATION PAGE and the SUGGESTION FORM are NOT currently working. We hope to have our web site fixed within a few weeks. We can still receive gifts in the form of checks mailed to:
The Groves Center
2960 Church Road
Glenside, PA 19038-2000
No New Fascicle of Biblia Hebraica Quinta (BHQ) in More Than 4 Years
It’s been more than four years since the last fascicle (part of a larger book) of the scholarly Hebrew Bible (Biblia Hebraica Quinta or BHQ) was published, namely Genesis. The next fascicle that is expected is that of the biblical book of Job and is currently estimated to arrive in Oct. 2020, though it has been delayed many times over the last three years.
Big Plans for the Groves Center Databases for 2020 and Beyond
In 2020 we plan to release our first version of the Westminster Leningrad Codex in full Unicode Hebrew as well as possibly in a scholarly transliteration similar to if not identical to the transliteration scheme promoted by SBL (The Society of Biblical Literature). We may offer new versions of the Westminster Hebrew Morphology in both Unicode Hebrew and SBL-type transliteration as well as our traditional “Michigan-Claremont Encoding” transliteration. We also plan to add high-quality contextual English glosses to the Westminster Hebrew Morphology (WHM) and the Westminster Hebrew Syntax (WHS) in the next major release in late 2020 or early 2021.
The Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC), the Westminster Hebrew Morphology (WHM), and the Westminster Hebrew Syntax (WHS) Databases Will Be Released Soon under a Creative Commons License.
We are finalizing the documentation and crossing our t’s and dotting our i’s on the legal aspects of our upcoming releases of the Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC), the Westminster Hebrew Morphology (WHM), and Westminster Hebrew Syntax (WHS) under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No-Derivative License. This particular Creative Commons License will allow use of our databases for research and fun. Those wishing to do “derivative works” such as scholarly annoations for publication or Bible translation using our databases will be asked to sign a straightforward contract to allow those specific “derivative” works. Check back at this web site for updates on the Creative Commons Release.
WLC Used in “A Proverb a Day in Biblical Hebrew” by Jonathan G. Kline, Ph.D.
Last fall (late 2019) Hendrickson Publishers came out with a new book “A Proverb a Day in Biblical Hebrew“ by Jonathan G. Kline, Ph.D. Much like 2017’s series “Keep Up Your Biblical/Aramaic in 2 Minutes a Day“ by the same author, this volume uses the Biblical text found in the Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC) maintained by the Groves Center.
The Second Volume of the Dictionary of Classical Hebrew Revised (DCHR) Has Been Released
The second volume (Bet-Waw) in the Dictionary of Classical Hebrew Revised (DCHR), edited by Dr. David J. A. Clines, has been released. This updated volume has been delayed since November by printing problems. The original Dictionary of Classical Hebrew (DCH) and the DCHR have been very helpful in recent work on the Westminster Hebrew Morphology (WHM).
The Releases of the Next Version of the Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC) and the Westminster Hebrew Morphology (WHM) Are Coming Soon
As of today (Friday 7 February 2020) the development of version 4.22 of the Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC) and the Westminster Hebrew Morphology were both closed. We are working on documentation for the new releases and will make the releases in the next several weeks. These are the first releases of the WLC and WHM in just over four years and represent a significant number of improvements over the 4.20 release. We anticipate releasing the next version of the WLC and the WHM in about a year and annually thereafter.
[UPDATE] The Groves Center will be at the Society of Biblical Literature Nov. 2019
The GC’s Acting Executive Director Dr. Donald Price, Senior Research Fellow Dr. Stephen Coleman, and Research Fellow Mr. Stephen Salisbury will all be attending the annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) in San Diego, California, in November 2019. Dr. Price and Mr. Salisbury will be co-presenting a lecture to discuss how the Groves Center databases will be released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives International 4.0 License.
The Job fascicle of Biblia Hebraica Quinta (BHQ) delayed again and again …
The next fascicle (part of a larger book) of the scholarly Hebrew Bible (Biblia Hebraica Quinta or BHQ), namely Job, has been delayed multiple times. Some sources now state it will come out in October 2019 another says Job will debut in 2020. Leviticus and Ezekiel are the next two volumes expected in the coming years.
DCHR (Dictionary of Classical Hebrew Revised) Premieres in August 2018 with Volume 1 (Aleph)
In August 2018, Sheffield Phoenix Press released the first volume (Aleph) of the new series Dictionary of Classical Hebrew Revised. Over the next few years each of the eight volumes in the Dictionary of Classical Hebrew series will be revised. New volumes should be coming out every 6-12 months. Volume 2 (Bet-Waw) is expected in summer 2019.
WLC used in the “Keep Up Your Biblical Hebrew/Aramaic in 2 Minutes a Day” books
Last month (11/2017) Hendrickson Publishers came out with a five-volume series “Keep Up Your Biblical Languages in 2 Minutes a Day” by Jonathan G. Kline, Ph.D. The two Biblical Hebrew volumes and the (single) Biblical Aramaic volume use the Biblical text found in the Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC) maintained by the Groves Center.
Dr. Stephen Coleman joins the Groves Center as Senior Research Fellow
The Groves Center is pleased to announce that Stephen Coleman, Ph.D., has been appointed as a Senior Research Fellow of the Groves Center, effective 1 July 2017. Dr. Coleman is also an Assistant Professor of Old Testament at Westminster Theological Seminary.