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More Delays in Projected Publication Dates for Fascicles of BHQ
The "fascicle" (or partial book) for Genesis in the scholarly project Biblia Hebraica Quinta was released in February 2016 in Europe but was not available until June 2016 in the USA. The German Bible Society has pushed back its estimates for the releases of Leviticus from 2016 to 2017 and for Daniel from 2017 to 2018. The book of Numbers no longer has a projected release date, but the book of Job is now expected to be published in 2017. Genesis was the seventh fascicle published out of twenty. Since the first fascicle in 2004, there has been an average gap between fascicles of two years, though there is hope for a faster publishing schedule in the future.
The Benefits of Color Images of the Leningrad Codex
Our recent access to color images of the Leningrad Codex, as opposed to the black-and-white images available for years, will allow us to determine a more accurate reading in a few places in the Leningrad Codex. We have already found at least two occurrences where what is clearly a pink or red imperfection in the codex material was misread as an ink dot when viewed in the black-and-white printed facsimile of the Leningrad Codex.
Color Images of the Leningrad Codex!
Both Accordance and BibleWorks, two major Bible software vendors who offer the Westminster Hebrew Morphology database, now have color images of the Leningrad Codex, the 1,000+ year old manuscript that is the basis for the Westminster Leningrad Codex, as well as for the standard scholarly Hebrew Bibles (Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia and the under-development Biblia Hebraica Quinta).
More Fascicles of BHQ Scheduled for 2016 and 2017 (as of 2/2016)
The German Bible Society's web page shows a schedule for the upcoming fascicles of Genesis (2015!), Leviticus (2016), Ezekiel (2016), and Numbers (2017). (Based on past experience, these release years should be taken with a grain of salt, especially since the Genesis fascicle has already slipped from 2015 to June 2016.)
The latest Westminster Leningrad Codex is available on the web (2/2016)
The Westminster Leningrad Codex, the Groves Center's electronic representation of the world's oldest complete Hebrew Bible, may be viewed in well-formed Hebrew in Unicode(R) on an external web site:
New Book: "Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia: A Reader's Edition" Published (Dec. 2014)
Hendrickson's Publishers and the German Bible Society have released "Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia: A Reader's Edition". This Hebrew Bible with vocabulary helps is similar to Zondervan's "A Reader's Hebrew Bible" in that it footnotes all of the infrequently occurring words in the text and puts an English gloss and parsing information in the footnotes. It contains some text-critical information but nothing like the apparatus of the official BHS. Its text is not exactly the same as the fifth corrected edition of BHS (1997) but is somewhat eclectic, taking into account the readings in Aron Dotan's "Biblia Hebraica Leningradensia" and a "public-domain text", which one might suspect to be the Westminster Leningrad Codex published by the Groves Center!
Westminster Hebrew Morphology (WHM) / Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC) 4.20 Released (1/2016)!
In late January (2016) the Groves Center released version 4.20 of the Westminster Leningrad Codex (WLC) and the Westminster Hebrew Morphology (WHM or "MORPH"). (This last release of the WHM/WLC was version 4.18 in June 2013.)
A New Fascicle of Biblia Hebraica Quinta To Be Published
Recently the web site of Hendrickson's Publishers showed plans to release in June 2016 another fascicle of Biblia Hebraica Quinta (BHQ), the book of Genesis edited by Abraham Tal. This will be the seventh of 21 fascicles of BHQ, and the first one published in almost 5 years. (The last fascicle was for the book of Judges.) With the previous fascicles, there was often a significant delay from the original proposed publication date to when the book was actually released.
Mr. Salisbury Appointed Groves Center's Executive Director
At the January 2nd, 2016, meeting of the board of the Groves Center, the Groves Center's Research Fellow, Stephen K. Salisbury, was named its Executive Director as well. (This follows the November 1st (2015) retirement of the Groves Center's President and Senior Research Fellow, Kirk E. Lowery, Ph.D.) Mr. Salisbury started working at the Groves Center part-time in 2001 and full-time in 2004, back when it was known as the Westminster Hebrew Institute.
"The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew" Volume IX Announced
A ninth volume of "The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew", edited by David J. A. Clines, has been announced for publication in July 2016 (as of January 2015, anyway -- the original publication date in roughly July 2015 was fir November 2015). This ninth volume is an extensive index to the existing eight volume work. In the last couple of years, the Groves Center has found this dictionary to be a valuable resource.
Dr. Kirk E. Lowery Retires as GC President and Sr. Research Fellow
The Groves Center's President and Senior Research Fellow, Kirk E. Lowery, Ph.D., retired from the Groves Center as of November 1st, 2015. The board of the Groves Center wishes to publicly thank Prof. Lowery for his 17 years of service to the Groves Center, the first half of which were under its previous name "The Westminster Hebrew Institute."
The Westminster Hebrew Morphology in the 21st Century
This summer (2015) the Groves Center has begun serious work on extending the Westminster Hebrew Morphology from a flat database with a fixed interpretation as far as lemmas and parsings for words to a richer and more powerful format, that of Extensible Mark-up Language or "XML". XML will allow us to specify alternatives in parsings and lemmas in cases where even the top experts in Biblical Hebrew are divided, and also possible emendations to the Biblical text (with resulting changes to morphological interpretation.)
"Dictionary of Classical Hebrew" Proves Valuable (Spring 2015)
The eight-volume "Dictionary of Classical Hebrew", edited by David J. A. Clines, was completed in 2011. It covers not only Biblical Hebrew but inscriptions of the Old Testament era as well as the Dead Sea Scrolls. Its articles include occurrences of the word being defined with prepositions, in construct chains, and in apposition with other nouns, all of which can be helpful to us in improving the parsing information in the Westminster Hebrew Morphology. We began to use DCH more frequently in the spring of 2015 to resolve difficult parsing questions for which our standard lexicon "HALOT" ("Hebrew-Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament" by Koehler, Baumgartner, and Stamm) does not provide much if any guidance.
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